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Who eats whom in Antarctica? Learn about the predator and prey relationships in the Antarctic.

This extended resource is designed for Year 4 Biology students who are learning how living things depend on each other. It covers the relationships between predators and prey and defines food chains for students. You will find starter and plenary activities, research tasks, videos, suggested solutions and students worksheets, all mapped to the curriculum and themed around Antarctica.

Gentoo penguin prey running from predator sea lion.
A gentoo penguin trying to outrun a Hooker’s sea lion. Credit: Troy Henderson 2020 / Australian Antarctic Division

In this learning sequence, students will explore feeding relationships between Antarctic animals. They will learn about animals that share the same food source and compete for food. Students will explore predator-prey relationships and discover which animals go from being the predator to being the prey. They will use food chains to demonstrate feeding relationships and consider how seasons affect the abundance of food. Students will learn more about how and why scientists study penguins and create a presentation about Antarctic life.

At the bottom of the page, you will find a downloadable teachers’ guide, student booklet and a booklet of the additional worksheets. You can view these all online or print them out for use. You will just have to be logged in to see them.

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This resource is supported by the Australian Antarctic Program.

The Royal Institution of Australia is the official education partner of the Australian Antarctic Division.

Years: 4


Biological Sciences – Living Things, Ecosystems

Additional: Literacy, Information and Communication, Critical and Creative Thinking.

Concepts (South Australia):

Biological Sciences – Interdependence and Ecosystems